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Methods of Extracting(Honey)

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The fastest and easiest way of getting the honey from the cells is by using a mechanical extractor. The wax caps from the frames must be removed first before putting the frames into the extractor. In removing the wax caps, you can use a special uncapping knife.

When you finally removed the wax caps, put the frame in the extractor’s wire baskets then spin the frame using the extractor’s hand crank.

Extractor – a machine used to take honey out of the frames by spinning them. They came in many sizes and can be built at home.

Uncapping Knife – this is a special knife used in cutting the wax caps of the frames. Bread knives that are heated can also be used as substitutes. Electrically heated knives are also available.

Chemical solution – used in order to remove the bees from the honey supers. These are used in combination with a fume board to clear the honey supers.

Formation of new colonies

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A new honey bee colony is formed when the queen bee leaves the colony with a large group of worker bees, a process called swarming. In the prime swarm, about 60% of the worker bees leave the original hive location with the old queen. This swarm can contain thousands to tens of thousands of bees. Swarming is the natural means of reproduction of honey bee colonies.

The worker bees create queen cups . When the hive gets ready to swarm the queen lays eggs into the queen cups. New queens are raised and the hive may swarm as soon as the queen cells are capped and before the new virgin queens emerge from their queen cells. A laying queen is too heavy to fly long distances. Therefore, the workers will stop feeding her before the anticipated swarm date and the queen will stop laying eggs. During the swarm preparation, scout bees of the swarm may already scout out possible new nest sites. The bee swarm makes an intermediate stop and clusters on a tree branch or other suitable location. It is in this temporary cluster that the final nest site is chosen

Bee colonies

Queen bees: The term queen bee is typically used to refer to an adult, mated female that lives in a honey bee colony or hive; she is usually the mother of most, if not all, the bees in the hive. The queens are developed from larvae selected by worker bees and specially fed in order to become sexually mature. There is normally only one adult, mated queen in a hive.

Worker bees: A Worker bee is any female eusocial bee that lacks the full reproductive capacity of the colony's queen bee; under most circumstances, this is correlated to an increase in certain non-reproductive activities relative to a queen, as well.

Drone: Drones are male honey bees. They develop from eggs that have not been fertilized, and they cannot sting. The drones' main function is to be ready to fertilize a receptive queen.

Western honey bee(Apis meilifera)

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The Western honey bee or European honey bee (Apis mellifera) is a species of honey bee. The honey bee is native to the continents of Europe, Asia, and Africa, but they have now been spread around to nearly every continent.

The body of honeybees is divided into three major parts which are the head, thorax and abdomen.

Head – the head of the bee is dominated by two large compound eyes. There are three small ocelli or simple eyes between the compound eyes.

Antennae – This is located almost at the center of the face. The antenna is made of a basal stalk and another longer segmented flagellum.

Mouth – The mouth of the bees is comprised of the mandibles or the jaws which are suspended from the head at the sides.

Thorax – is the middle part of their body where the legs and the wings are attached. Each pair of legs performs different activities for the bee’s grooming and for pollen collection.

Abdomen – is where the digestive and reproductive organs are located. The sting is located at the end of the abdomen.



Beekeeping Equipment

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Langstroth hive: Langstroth hive consists of Hive Stand, Bottom Board, Brood Box, Frames & Foundation, Inner Cover, Outer Cover

Protective clothing: Novice beekeepers usually wear gloves and a hooded suit or hat and veil. Experienced beekeepers sometimes elect not to use gloves because they inhibit delicate manipulations. The face and neck are the most important areas to protect, so most beekeepers will at least wear a veil.

Smoker:Smoke is the beekeeper's third line of defense. Most beekeepers use a "smoker" — a device designed to generate smoke from the incomplete combustion of various fuels

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